Heather Allman, Author at Green Market Report

AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 20, 2020




  1. Sungrown Packaging and Higher Standard Packaging from recyclable and compostable materials
  2. HISIERRA sustainable dispensary exit bags from renewable plant-based materials from their fossil-fuel free facility.
  3. Regenerative farming methods; many cannabis companies are going beyond sustainability using such methods.
  4. Flow Kana “beyond-organic” and sustainable cannabis; partner with veteran farmers that grow small batches of sun-grown cannabis.
  5. Eel River Organics organic and sustainable marijuana farming methods and outdoor-grown cannabis; dry farming is as close to zero-waste and biodynamic as is currently possible. 
  6. L’Eagle only adult-use, indoor grown cannabis grower with a Clean Green certification.
  7. Terrapin Care Station
  8. Bird Valley Organics ancient Hugelkultur technique.
  9. Swami Select
  10. Catalyst Cannabis Co
  11. Raw Garden concentrates, labeled Clean Green.
  12. Sana Packaging
  13. Hemp Wick—exactly what the name implies; produced by many different brands and companies.
  14. Puffco—high-quality, non-toxic, long-lasting vaporizers; refill chamber for hash oil that does not come from traditional cartridges.
  15. Phuncky Feel Tips
  16. Marley Natural
  17. Sunrise Mountain Farms, a clean, sustainable approach to producing cannabis alongside naturally thriving wild elderberries (Sambucus).
  18. Papa & Barkley’s; company’s pre-existing, small-holder agricultural ecosystem (think Dr. Bronner’s) which is 100% free of the harmful pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers necessitated by Big Ag, makes the need for a Big Ag cannabis takeover in California completely obsolete,” according to CEO Michael Steinmetz, who believes the cannabis industry at large, needs to “prioritize environmentally responsible practices and source from sustainable resources.” 
  19. Canndescent; invested a combined $3.75m to retrofit its inimitable 11,000 square foot warehouse for solar and cannabis production; CFO Tom DiGiovanni reports they want “to help the ‘green’ industry to go greener” by accelerating the adoption of solar power and “green door” practices within the cannabis industry.

Recycling + Sustainability 

Security + Risk Considerations 

Activism + Advocacy 




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      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 19, 2020

      If you wish to re-publish this story please do so with the following accreditation
      AUTHOR: Heather Allman


      Florida Cannabis User Driver Guidelines and Spotlight on the DRUID Cannabis App

      In her October 13, 2019 Sun Sentinel article Pulled over with medical marijuana? What drivers should know in Florida, Marcia Heroux Pounds reports on Florida drivers with cannabis ID cards:

      Don’t leave your Florida medical marijuana card at home. You may need it if pulled over by police when traveling, even with legally purchased pot from a state-licensed dispensary.

      Drivers who have a state medical marijuana card may be a bit safer from trouble with the law, as long as they are not under the influence of marijuana, alcohol or other drugs while driving. But if there’s any indication that a driver may be “high,” the police could take action.

      Florida’s legalization of hemp in July added a challenge for law enforcement on figuring out when to arrest a driver or seize a substance, because hemp can smell and look like cannabis, and also can be smoked. Police in Broward County use an on-the-road field test that can distinguish cannabis from hemp, but Palm Beach and Miami-Dade are not — opting to confiscate the substance and have it tested in a certified lab.

      Here is what drivers need to know to protect themselves:

      • Am I safe to drive with cannabis if I have a Florida medical marijuana card?

      If stopped with a cannabis product in their car, medical marijuana patients must be able to produce a valid medical marijuana card. Refusing to show the card to police is a violation of the law —a second-degree misdemeanor.

      If charged with a violation, know that you can’t be convicted if you can produce a Florida medical marijuana registry card that was valid at time of the charge, either before or at the time of the court appearance.

      The consumer also must carry proof the medical marijuana was purchased from a Florida-licensed dispensary such as Trulieve or Curaleaf.

      Florida law requires that patients keep the medical marijuana in the original packaging, as well as have the dispensary insert with product information and the recommended dosage.

      Then if stopped by the police when you have a cannabis or hemp product in your car, just act normal. Acting nervous won’t help your cause, experts say.

      “When transporting marijuana or hemp products and stopped for any reason by law enforcement, it’s important not to give them any reason to think you’re driving under the influence. Respond coherently, and if asked for medical marijuana card, driver’s license and registration, give it,” advises Drew Sarangoulis, a criminal lawyer for GrayRobinson law firm in Miami.

      “The best practice is to keep the medical marijuana card on you at all times, especially when in possession [of cannabis],” he said.

      • Can police tell the difference between cannabis and hemp?

      When police stop a driver and observe a substance in the vehicle, the officer “has no ability to determine if it’s hemp or marijuana. They both look and smell the same,” said Roger Brown, founder of ACS Laboratory near Tampa, which conducts potency and other tests for about 25 law enforcement agencies in the state.

      That’s because hemp and cannabis are both derived from the same plant.

      Legal hemp should have under 0.3 percent THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, which means it is not a controlled substance. But anything higher is illegal. Cannabis typically contains between 2 percent and 30 percent THC, the chemical element that gives users a “high.”

      If you are stopped by police while illegally in possession of cannabis, “don’t make any statements to police indicating the substance in question is marijuana,” Sarangoulis warns. Regardless, police may decide to seize the product for testing, if they have probable cause to believe you are under the influence — and don’t object to that, he recommends.

      “Even if legitimately transporting or in legal possession of hemp, and the police have probable cause because of outside circumstances — you’re nervous, you have cash on hand — they can still seize that hemp to determine if it is indeed hemp,” Sarangoulis said.

      Most South Florida law enforcement agencies say they are using an “odor-plus standard” to determine probable cause to search a vehicle. This approach requires officers to obtain evidence beyond what seems like the scent of marijuana.

      But that other evidence is wide-ranging, including: a criminal record; police information about illegal activity; admission of possession of a controlled substance; conflicting statements, nervousness and lack of eye contact; destruction of the substance; drug paraphernalia, such as baggies, pipes, heat sealers, or scale; money in rubber-banded “quick-count bundles; or signs of impairment such as an irregular driving pattern, bloodshot or watery eyes or slurred speech, according to legal briefings by state attorney’s offices in Broward and Miami-Dade counties.

      • How will police test the product or substance I’m carrying in my car?

      Police in Broward are using a new THC/hemp test kit from Zurich, Switzerland, designed to distinguish between marijuana and hemp, according to Sgt. Donald Prichard, spokesman for the Broward Sheriff’s Office.

      When confiscated, a sample is only sent to a lab prior to a trial, or if the offense is trafficking in marijuana, Prichard said.

      The Palm Beach Sheriff’s Office and other law enforcement agencies in the county deal don’t use a field test, but may send a confiscated sample to a lab.

      “We will not be able to prosecute any marijuana or THC oil cases without a test from an accredited lab indicating that the THC content is over 0.3 percent,” says Elizabeth Neto, assistant state’s attorney in Palm Beach County, in a July 1 memo.

      Miami-Dade State Attorney Katherine Fernandez Rundle has instructed law enforcement officers to seize suspected marijuana for a Drug Enforcement Administration-licensed lab test. “The State Attorney’s Office will need a laboratory test result that indicates that, in fact, the substance is illegal cannabis — as opposed to hemp — before filing formal charges in a case,” she said in an Aug. 5, 2019 memo.

      • What if I’m carrying CBD oil or another hemp product in my car?

      While hemp became legal in Florida as of July 1, the state Department of Agriculture is still working on regulations on the testing standards and sale of cannabidiol/hemp products.

      Lab operator Brown said he would never drive with a CBD/hemp product without its “certificate of analysis,” which can be downloaded from the manufacturer or from his lab site at ACSLabCannabis.com. Scan the QR code — the bar code on product or package — and the certificate for the product can be pulled up on your smart phone, he said.

      The document will show the potency of the product, which should be under 0.3 percent, and provide other testing information.

      “The certificate of an analysis allows you to provide information to the police officer,” he said. It also may serve as evidence if the police still confiscates the product or arrests you 


      › BE AWARE: New Breathalyzer Can Now Detect Levels of Marijuana

      Here is what drivers need to do to protect themselves from impaired driving: If all common sense and protocols fail to guide the cannabis user, there’s the new DRUIDapp to self-test your level of impairment, if any, as noted in their Press Release:

      The SBIR award to DRUIDapp, Inc. will provide funds for multiple studies of the efficacy of the DRUID® app to detect impairment. Using cognitive neuroscience, the DRUID® app scores a user’s performance on several tasks–presented like a video game. Impairment is assessed in reaction time, hand-eye coordination, time estimation, balance and the ability to do divided attention tasks—all important capacities for functioning in the workplace or when driving that can be impaired by alcohol, cannabis and other drugs. 

      The SBIR grant to DRUIDapp, Inc. includes funds for Dr. Ryan Vandrey, Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Johns Hopkins University, to conduct dosage-controlled cannabis administration studies using DRUID® to measure impairment.

      The studies funded by this award will measure impairment in medical cannabis patients who use marijuana frequently, as well as impairment in infrequent users of cannabis. 

      Most drug testing involves the measurement of drugs of abuse in biological fluids such as blood, saliva, or breath (as in an alcohol breathalyzer). The DRUID® app is fundamentally different—it tests your brain instead.”

      Meg Bantle’s Valley Advocate article Too High to Drive? New App Allows Marijuana Users to Test Their Impairment Level from Jan 24, 2018 expands further on the DRUID app, its uses, and implications:

      Despite the legalization of recreational cannabis use for adults in Massachusetts over a year ago, there is still no standard of measure or device to test people behind the wheel for marijuana intoxication. This presents a problem for law enforcement officers who don’t have the equivalent of a breathalyzer and the .08 blood alcohol content standard for cannabis use, and also for people who are concerned that they may be impaired and unsure if they should drive.

      In response to this issue, Professor Michael Milburn, a professor of psychology at the University of Massachusetts Boston for almost 40 years, created and funded an app called DRUID (DRiving Under the Influence of Drugs) to help users to assess their own levels of impairment and potentially help law enforcement officers and employers test impairment as well. “‘I think I’m okay,’ in the pre-DRUID era was the best you could do,” said Milburn.

      The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that drugs and alcohol interfere with the brain’s ability to function properly. Driving while impaired by any substance is dangerous.

      DRUID, which can be downloaded by iPhone and Android users for $0.99, consists of a series of tests that Milburn chose based on driving impairment literature. Users have five minutes to complete four tests that test for reaction time, divided attention, decision making, and balance.

      Milburn said that the app is best used by establishing a personal baseline by completing the tests once a day. “Start your day with DRUID,” Milburn said is one of the app’s taglines.

      According to the CDC, marijuana can slow reaction time and one’s ability to make decisions in addition to impairing coordination and distorting perception, which are all important aspects of driving. The problem is that there is no accurate roadside test for THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) levels in the body.

      In July of last year, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published a report for Congress on marijuana-impaired driving that described the current process for assessing if someone is driving under the influence of cannabis. If a law enforcement officer stops a driver for inappropriate driving and then suspects that the driver is impaired, the officer can perform a Standardized Field Sobriety Test and test a breath sample for blood alcohol content. If the driver’s BAC test doesn’t match up with the observed level of impairment, the officer can ask a Drug Recognition Expert to help evaluate the suspect or ask for a sample to be analyzed by a toxicology lab.

      Despite those tests, there is no universally accepted limit of THC in blood for operating a motor vehicle. In Colorado and Washington there is a legal limit of five nanograms of active THC in the blood for drivers, but because THC is fat soluble that measure may not be an accurate way to test impairment, Milburn said. The NHTSA report concludes that there is no clear correspondence between the THC levels in the blood of an individual, the performance of that individual when compared to a baseline, or that person’s subjective feeling of being high.

      According to preliminary data, a score of 55-58 on the DRUID app is the average level of impairment for someone with a blood alcohol level of .08, so anything above 55 is impaired. Milburn did mention that the tests take a little getting used to, so it is not uncommon for initial scores to be at an “impaired” level.

      “DRUID is a tool, and like any other tool you have to practice with it in order to use it effectively. I want to stop impaired people from getting on the road in the first place,” Milburn said. “And build responsible drug use.””

      (Source: Copyright © 2019 by H.S. Gere & Sons, Inc.; Further information provided by Milburn.)

      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 19, 2020

      If you wish to re-publish this story please do so with the following accreditation
      AUTHOR: Heather Allman

      Cannabis Sustainability: Minimizing Water Waste

      According to Cannabis Training University, two key resources are essential to any successful cannabis grow, regardless of whether its private or commercial: water and light:

      Full-spectrum lighting can come from either the sun or indoor grow lights, but the water for your grow will most likely come from your city water on tap. Diverting water from natural creeks and streams is not possible for most people, and when it is, it’s usually illegal. That means it’s critical to eliminate water waste whenever possible.

      The bills for water and electricity can run very high, so cost-cutting measures are good to research and put in place to increase your bottom line. Because drought is a reality in many legal cannabis states during recent years—particularly those in the west—water bills commonly reach hundreds or several thousands of dollars to keep a good cannabis grow up and running. Both California and Colorado are two of the big regions feeling the crunch from water shortages. California, as well as being a huge state with a large population and a prime cannabis growing climate, also has a need for massive amounts of water for the cultivation of other crops. California’s Salinas Valley is commonly called “the salad bowl of the world” because 70 percent of the United States’ lettuce crop is grown there—as well as other produce like strawberries, broccoli, and peppers.

      California’s San Juaquin Valley (aka Central Valley) Is another region with a huge amount of crop cultivation. Many of the country’s tomatoes, grapes, sugar beets, walnuts, almonds, hay, cotton, and many other crops are grown there. In order to feed the nation with these crops, an ongoing water supply is a necessity.

      Drought and water shortages in Colorado are largely due to the fact that the Colorado River provides water for all of Southern California’s agriculture needs (citrus fruit, avocados, and other crops), as well as drinking water for that large and highly populated area. The Colorado River also supplies water to six other states and Mexico. This being the case, it’s easy to see why Colorado’s water can be in short supply.

      Cannabis Cultivation’s Impact on Water Supply

      Western states have climates that allow both indoor and outdoor cultivation of cannabis, although some are more limited in this regard than others. Northern California is well known for its optimum climate for cannabis, with the “Emerald Triangle” of Humboldt, Trinity, and Mendocino Counties all known for abundant production that in year’s past supplied much of the country’s marijuana. Indeed, the name “Humboldt” is practically synonymous with high-quality cannabis. As legal marijuana growing has proliferated even more in the region during recent years due to the now-legal status of the plant, the use of water and the diversion of it from rivers and streams has taken a big toll on this already-limited resource.

      The need to limit water use for marijuana production is an undeniable fact. Because hydroponic growing is a water-based cultivation method, some people erroneously assume that it requires more water. This is far from the case, and hydronic crops require as much as ten times less water than soil grows. The constant need to water soil, particularly outdoors, eventually adds up to a much greater volume of water than the constant water source necessary for hydroponics. If water usage is a huge concern for your grow, consider growing hydroponically. Rather than enter into a debate about whether soil or hydroponic grows are superior, some facts can’t be denied. Hydroponics not only uses water more efficiently, but under optimum conditions, growth rate is faster and yield is higher.

      Water Conservation Measures

      There are a number of steps you can take to make the best use of your water. Sometimes some simple changes can significantly alter efficient water usage and minimize waste. More efficient use of water will lower your operating costs. If you grow cannabis commercially, efficient use of water also will increase your return on investment (ROI).

      Let’s examine some of the ways to maximize water usage:

      1. Measure PPM and pH

      To make sure you’re making the best use of your water, the most important first step is to check your water quality. A parts-per-million (PPM) test using a typical water pH meter will determine of your PPM and pH are at optimum levels. If PPM is running high, nutrient lockout is occurring with your grow, which ultimately will waste valuable water.

      1. Indoor grows make more efficient use of water

      While growing cannabis outdoors has definite advantages, one of them is not efficient water use. Much more water evaporation and runoff will inevitably occur outdoors compared to indoors. If your high-water bill makes water conservation a main concern, strong consider the controlled environment of an indoor grows. Greenhouse grows are another option and capture some of the best of outdoor and indoor growing.

      1. Use a pH booster or reducer

      Invest in better water filtration, or use a liquid nutrient that automatically adjusts your water pH and PPM to proper levels. If PPM runs too high in your water, much of it will run down the drain rather than feed your plants.

      1. Observe runoff amounts

      A wise course of action when watering potted cannabis plants is to observe the amount of water exiting the pots. Approximately 15-20 percent of water runoff is acceptable, but more is an indication that your water usage could be more efficient. Make adjustments as necessary.

      1. Reclaim as much water as possible

      An indoor grow allows for easier collection of run-off and condensation than is possible outdoors. When conserving water, every little bit helps, so reclaimed water with filtration, if necessary, to minimize water use.

      1. Drip Irrigation

      For soil grows either indoors or outdoors, a drip irrigation system will provide a more exact way of watering and feeding your plants. Providing plants with water by flushing them with a large and sudden amount will inevitably result in runoff and inefficient water use. Drip irrigation, when done properly at the correct rate, is an outstanding way to conserve water. Many crops, not just cannabis, thrive when grown with a good drip irrigation system.

      1. Rainwater Collection

      If your area of the country has a monsoon season—or merely a predictable amount of rainfall—by all means collect the water. Large tubs located at the site of rain gutter runoff or other water-collection sites can be put to use for either an indoor or outdoor grow. Rainwater lacks any of the fluoride, chlorine, and any other additives that typically are found in city water. Your plants will appreciate its purity.

      Select your growing medium wisely. When it comes to water absorption and retention, not all grow media are created equally. Preparing a good soil mixture using the right ingredients will help conserve water. Organic soil ingredients like peat moss, coco coir, compost, and other substances like perlite and vermiculite will not only retain water well but provide an excellent environment for cannabis to grow.


      Drought and water shortages are an expensive reality in some of the best cannabis-growing regions. As a result, water conservation practices help reduce water waste and overall operations costs, particularly for commercial grows. Many routine procedures that conserve water are already a part of cultivation best practices, so no dramatic changes are needed to put them to use. Conservation of natural resources should be a concern of every citizen, and when it comes to growing cannabis, it’s essential to maintaining a strong profit margin or keeping bills to a minimum. 

      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 17, 2020

      If you wish to re-publish this story please do so with following accreditation
      AUTHOR: Heather Allman

      Clearing the Air- Florida Condensed Cannabis 

      For those of you in the dark about Florida’s Medical Marijuana Program, I will be lighting up the dim corners of Florida: The Nation’s Fastest-Growing Medical Marijuana Market, according to The Miami New Times on May 2, 2019.


      1. Glossary of Marijuana TerminologyviaCannaInsider.com
      2. Americans for Safe Access.org

      Luckily for me, Florida passed constitutional Amendment 2 in November 2016 which allows Multiple Sclerosis, along with many other chronic and debilitating qualifying conditions as eligible for compassionate care, meaning diagnosed patients would be allowed by Florida to receive a medical marijuana recommendation from a qualified Florida physician and products from a licensed Florida dispensary; these dispensaries must strictly adhere to Florida’s seed-to-shelf vertical integration business model.

      I am a legal Florida medical marijuana patient since January 2017, as well as a traveling medical cannabis writer, patient educator and vocal advocate. Since then, my quality of life has increased dramatically, both mentally and physically. Even my doctors and specialists are amazed at my progress!

      As such, I am representative of the face of medical marijuana in Florida, one of 311,266 qualified active patients with ID cards as of February 7, 2020. Did I mention that we only have 2,607 of those “Florida qualified physicians” for ALL of us?


      If Florida plans to increase its medical marijuana program through new legislative policies and marijuana dispensary standardized procedures, how exactly do we attempt to accomplish this?

      In May 2019, Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Nikki Fried announced that a newly-created and appointed Medical Marijuana Advisory Committee of 18 doctors, lawyers, patients, industry leaders, and advocates will be implemented in order to “advance and modernize policies” to move Florida into the future of medical marijuana

      Florida plans to help close the existing gaps and get patients and the state across the existing, prohibitive Drug War bridges, with  Florida’s appointment of a 2019 inaugural group:

      • 18 Member Medical Marijuana Advisory who will collaborate with the Florida Department of Agriculture to help improve the state’s medical marijuana regulations and policies through membership by the following individuals and is part of the Cannabis Division at the Department of Agriculture:

      [ 1. Kim Rivers; 2.Barry Gordon, MD; 3. David Kotler; 4. Dr. Michelle Weiner; 5. Zachary Kobrin; 6. Dan Russell; 7. Dr. David B. Corn; 8. Cameron Vance, Ph.D.; 9. Sally Kent Peebles; 10. Jacel Delgadillo; 11. Eric Stevens; 12. Mike Smuts; 13. Ron Watson; 14. Antoinette Duncan; 15. Peter Barsoom; 16. Paul Messer; 17. Karen Seeb Goldstein; 18. Elaine Geller ]

      • Florida’s Cannabis >Medical Marijuana Division in the Department of Agriculture. The Committee will convene telephonically and in-person bimonthly to develop ways and methods to expand patient access and affordability, increase innovation and technology within the cannabis industry, and to make recommendations to the Legislature and the Department of Health’s Office of Medical Marijuana Use (OMMU)

      Who will organize and oversee this committee, you ask?

      Who will this committee make recommendations to other than the Florida State Legislature? Who else is listening intently?

      Who will appoint, amend, manage and provide oversight to this Advisory Committee, the Director of Cannabis, and to the Office of Medical Marijuana Use? 

      For interested parties currently residing outside the state of Florida, a comprehensive overview:


      On the Medical Marijuana/ Cannabis state lead:

      What specific curriculum and medical material is taught in their Florida CME training and certification journey?

      What medical marijuana delivery routes and associated products are accessible by Florida patients? 

      The medical cannabis training these specialized CME physicians receive from the state is readily accessible for the public, including all Florida state medical cannabis certification physician qualifications and official answers:

      1. OMMU PHYSICIANS Certification Course
      2. OMMU PHYSICIANS Certification Course Textbook

      Upon successful completion of the Florida physican CME training, a physician proceeds to immediately update this new medical specialization information with the Florida Division of Medical Quality Assurance

      Patients in need of Florida’s rapidly advancing legal cannabis medication can then search the state’s CME physician database, call for information, and ultimately schedule an initial cannabis patient qualification appointment at a particular practice, or MMTC of their choice. 

      During this required update timeframe, physicians often pause briefly to deliberate the choice: what are the implications of being an integral part of Florida’s burgeoning therapeutic cannabis medicine practice?

      Membership in the widespread MMTC FL state system offers the most clinical practice hours, and a physician begins seeing possible medical marijuana patients immediately. 

      Physicians can easily update their designated specialized certification at www.FLHealthSource.gov. Physicians can directly email questions to MQAOnlineService@flhealth.gov.


      Dispensaries serve as The Crusaders who are literally growing medical marijuana in the state, while figuratively growing the state’s fledgling program simply through their participation.

      What exactly has transpired concerning Florida state regulations as they directly pertain to local dispensaries, their employees, and dispensary ancillary agents? It all hinges solely on a vertical integration business model, which includes licensed cannabis businesses in Florida.

      These state-licensed cannabis companies are called “dispensaries.” The Florida Department of Health regulates medical marijuana in Florida and is the agency that issues all required licenses. Visit the Florida Department of Health for further information.

      Florida Medical Marijuana Dispensaries Info List

      Medical Marijuana Dispensaries in Florida

      These licensed dispensaries must be complete seed-to-sale companies who also provide healthcare to qualified medical cannabis patients by dispensing a patient’s desired product, in the desired delivery route.

      These vital, end-line dispensary employees help fit desired cannabis medication products into a patient’s individual money framework.

      That is, these licensed companies eventually dispense a patient’s doctor-issued recommendation by first planting and cultivating medical cannabis before processing and packaging it.

      Simultaneously, Florida dispensaries must strive to train efficient, knowledgeable store employees, called “Wellness Coordinators” or “budtenders.”

      These necessary individuals present the finished state-certified cannabis product on the dispensary’s shelves in an appealing manner. These end-line employees smartly and safely sell, or “dispense,” the cannabis product to the patient and consumer per the physician’s recommendation in the Registry.  

      • All of our state MMTC FL licensed clinics and dispensaries incorporate the lofty goals of both patient and product availability (access) and affordability (cost).

      The Medics, or cannabis physicians, prescribe the patient’s recommendation for medical cannabis products that can be purchased by the patient (1) in various delivery routes (oral, inhalation, tinctures, oils, topicals, smokable), and (2) in various strains depending on the particular dispensary business.

      The patient can fill their physician-recommended medical marijuana order at any, or all, of the Florida dispensaries listed below, using any desired personal combination of delivery routes and cannabis products. 

      Patients are not limited to specific product choices or strains when given their medical marijuana order by the physician. Patients cannot be required to purchase from a specific dispensary.

      Although their personal CME physician can make recommendations on product choices or dispensaries that would be best for the patients qualifying condition and associated symptoms, patients are not required to purchase specific cannabis products. 

      Both the medical marijuana dispensary and cannabis products purchased are at the sole discretion of the individual patient.

      • Licensed Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers that are authorized to dispense medical marijuana products in a form for smoking or other delivery route to qualified patients include these fourteen companies called dispensaries:
      1. Trulieve
      2. Curaleaf
      3. Liberty Health Sciences
      4. VidaCann
      5. MüV ( formerlyAltMed)
      6. GrowHealthy
      7. Rise Dispensaries (GTI)
      8. One Plant (formerly 3 Boys)
      9. Surterra Wellness (Parallel)
      10. Fluent (formerly Knox Medical)
      11. Harvest
      12. MedMen
      13. The Botanist
      14. Columbia Care Florida

      What’s the actual story behind Florida’s current vertical integration model, recently ruled “unconstitutional”?

      • There are fourteen current licensed participants as noted above, which begs the question of how can Florida’s vertical integration model requirement for state licensure be so problematic? Let’s highlight the Florida Medical Marijuana timeline between 2016 and 2019, leading up to the future case hearing and ultimate decision, and attempt to decipher what all this fuss is about.  

      Way back in the beginning in 2016, Florida had only six dispensing businesses licensed by the state’s Department of Health to grow, process, and distribute marijuana rather than the currently existing fourteen dispensary businesses.

      Trulieve was the first dispensary to be issued a license by the state as noted in this July 20, 2016 article: Florida’s First Medical Marijuana Dispensary Ready To Hit Market. Trulieve is my favorite dispensary, hanfs down. They have a wide variety of quality cannabis at fair prices, knowledgeable employees, mellow environment, and treat patients in a respectful and professional manner.

      In addition, ModernCanna Labs MMTC Application Process offers step-by-step one pagers, along with several vital guides for use in Florida:

      1. What does it mean to be a vertically-integrated Florida dispensary of medical cannabis products?
      2. How can a Florida dispensary license be obtained?
      3. How To Prepare for the Process of Obtaining a Florida MMTC License
      4. Know the Current Laws and Regulations in Florida courtesy of the Marijuana Policy Project
      5. Dispensary Permits: Open a Dispensary in Florida
      6. Dispensary Permits – Florida Medical Marijuana Licenses
      7. Foley LLP – Medical Marijuana Licensure, June 22, 2017 Update

      Whether or not these common goals of access and affordability are always achievable for MMTC physician clinics and their dispensary counterparts remains undecided; but cannabis is quite the budding industry here in Florida. 


      Now that we know who these state medical marijuana physicians are, let’s examine the patients being treated.

      What exactly are the qualifications to become a Florida medical marijuana patient? On the popular MarijuanaDoctors.com, all qualifying conditions in Florida are noted.

      • Dedicated availability through the official OMMU patient/physician site, and the Florida MMTC maintains an accurate, updated list of eligible qualifying conditions at all times. 

      Listed for quick reference, patients in Florida diagnosed with one of the following Top 10 qualifying “debilitating medical conditions” have legal protection under Amendment 2, overwhelmingly passed in 2016:

      • AIDS (Positive Status)
      • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
      • Cancer
      • Crohn’s Disease
      • Epilepsy
      • Glaucoma
      • HIV (Positive Status)
      • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
      • Parkinson’s disease
      • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
      • –Terminal Condition that is diagnosed by a physician other than the qualified physician issuing the physician certification
      • –Chronic Pain (Nonmalignant) caused by a qualifying medical condition or that originates from a qualifying medical condition and persists beyond the usual course of that qualifying medical condition
      • –Medical conditions of the same kind or class as or comparable to those above.

      Florida’s medical marijuana program has evolved leaps and bounds beyond the confines of the state’s original, yet restrictive, 2016 “Compassionate Use” law.

      While the words seem to be clear enough on paper in the 2016 Florida State Law, the interpretation and implementation of this law is the inseparable key to the proverbial Pandora’s lock. Indeed, the lock on the state’s cannabis safe is nearly unbreakable. Why? Because this invaluable safe contains Florida’s medical marijuana legal framework.  

      • Concerning the current state program’s legal details, Marijuana Doctors correctly advises that Florida’s cannabis patients must be at least 18 years of age and a Florida Resident, or a seasonal resident with a valid Florida driver’s license or Florida identification card. 

      Patients must obtain legitimate medical records or documentation from a primary care physician describing their diagnosis, and subsequently bring these records to a marijuana evaluation appointment with a CME licensed physician. Seen different doctors for a qualifying condition? No problem! Here’s how to easily request your medical records.

      The qualifying patient must be diagnosed through a full in-person physical examination and assessment of medical history before receiving a recommendation by your selected certified physician for having one of the debilitating medical condition diagnoses listed above.

      All patients must be entered into the Florida Medical Marijuana Use Registry by the physician who evaluated them.

      Patients (and Caregivers) must also apply for their Registry Identification Card (Medical Marijuana Card) only if they need to purchase or carry a patient’s medical marijuana products on their person.

      Need help? A designated caregiver can be added to your patient profile after proper documentation is submitted to the state. But an OMMU Registry ID card is not required in order to simply accompany a patient to purchase cannabis products inside a physical dispensary location

      In such a case,the patient’s caregiver or other accompanying adult needs only to have a valid Florida identification card or driver’s license to temporarily relinquish to dispensary staff for the duration of the patient’s visit. Patients and caregivers can submit an application online or by mail.

      Once the application has been approved, a temporary Identification Card will be emailed to the patient immediately. Qualified Florida patients will then be mailed a physical Identification card required by law to be kept on their person at all times.

      Patients can then fill their order at a licensed Medical Marijuana Treatment Center of Florida dispensary location using their ID card as required identification for purchase of various cannabis products.

      Patients have to be re-certified every 30 weeks in order to receive a new medical marijuana recommendation. To maintain a valid Medical Marijuana Registry Identification Card, Patients & Caregivers must renew their Identification Card annually. 

      Renewals must be submitted at least forty-five (45) days prior to the present card expiration date; a complete renewal application, $75 and required documentation must be submitted to the state.

      The Florida Department of Health, Office of Medical Marijuana Use can be accessed manually at 1-800-808-9580, online at Florida Department of Health’s Office Of Medical Marijuana Use, or email at medicalmarijuanause@flhealth.gov.


      Even with recent dual drives for Florida adult recreational use and the impending court decision on the constitutionality of our Florida vertical integration cannabis program model, Medical Marijuana remains in the foreground and legal users now have representation, lobbyists and passionate advocates infiltrated throughout local, state and national government.  

      Most locales throughout Florida have embraced this full-spectrum cannabis economy, along with the accompanying exceptional physician minds introduced to each state region with marijuana expansion, especially considering these vital facts:

      1. Cannabis in Florida: A Year In Review and Forecast for 2020
      2. How Much Cannabis Each State Sold in First Month of Legal Sales
      3. 700 Medical Cannabis Studies Sorted By Disease
      4. Marijuana Statistics 2019, Usage, Trends and Data)

      And finally, according to Marijuana Momentum, January saw another major marijuana score with Federal Marijuana Reform Getting Another Congressional Hearing.

      The current cherry on top of our messy U.S. cannabis sundae? According to this Ocala Star Banner Editorial, the overall message has shifted on medical marijuana. Let’s keep our fingers crossed


      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 17, 2020

      If you wish to re-publish this story please do so with following accreditation
      AUTHOR: Heather Allman

      Cannabis Branding and Language Resources

      On August 24, 2016 » Alison Malsbury first wrote on cannabis branding in her piece on Cannabis Trademarks: “Deadwood” Policies Could Implicate Cannabis Registrations:

      For the past few years, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has repeatedly expressed concern over eliminating what it deems “deadwood” from the federal trademark registry. “Deadwood” consists of trademark registrations that are not actually in use for the goods or services named in the registration.

      Under U.S. trademark law, all registrations must be renewed between the fifth and sixth year anniversaries of registration by filing an affidavit pursuant to Section 8 of the Trademark Act declaring that the mark is still in use in commerce, or by filing a declaration of permissible non-use under Section 71. If either of these filings is not made, the registration will be cancelled.

      In June of this year, the USPTO announced that it would be creating new rules requiring additional documentation under Section 8 and Section 71 of the Trademark Act to prove the registrant is actually using its mark in commerce for all of the goods or services specified. These new rules will require submitting information, exhibits, affidavits or declarations, and any other additional specimens of use as may be “reasonably necessary” for the USPTO’s examining attorney to ensure that the mark in question is in use on all of the goods or services claimed in the application.

      So how do these changes potentially impact cannabis businesses? As we’ve discussed before, federal trademark protection is unavailable to marks used on federally illegal goods and services, including cannabis. However, one brand protection strategy we’ve recommended is to obtain registration for ancillary goods or services that do not violate the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

      We’ve seen a rush by cannabis businesses to register their marks for whatever they can get, but it’s important to carefully consider what goods and services you will actually be providing to avoid the risk of losing your registration altogether.

      The takeaway here is two-fold:

      ☆ First, make sure that if your cannabis company is looking to register a federal trademark for ancillary goods or services, your company actually intends to sell those ancillary goods on an ongoing basis.

      ☆ Second, carefully consider the strength of your mark before investing heavily into brand development.

      Malsbury continued the cannabis branding  conversation in her seminal piece on What NOT to do with your Cannabis Brand: The Gorilla Glue Trademark Infringement Dispute published on October 9, 2017.

      In April 2019 » Olivia Mannix highlighted further research into the words used on cannabis branding in A Look Into the Evolution of Language in Cannabis Marketing: From slang with racist undertones to more scientific, technical terminology.

      There are certain terms that are deemed offensive or that the industry has just outgrown in this day and age.

      Today’s cannabis brands are captivating consumers through nuanced language, dropping stoner slang in favor of a more refined and technical vocabulary.

      On June 24, 2019, Max Lenderman’s Cannabis Brands Need to Establish a Purpose That Doesn’t Rely on Puns admonishes that “Venturing into experiential is one way to do that”:

      The explosion of cannabis and hemp-based (THC and CBD) products, peripherals and applications is remarkable. Perhaps because of the blind rush to cannabis riches, most of these companies are also terrible at modern brand building.

      Creating a Language for Cannabis Brands Starts With Looking at the Industry With Fresh Eyes was Josh Kelly’s advice on August 5, 2019, astutely advising that a cannabis brand should:

      Consider its expansive history to reinvent a unique tone. Even though cannabis has been around for many decades, there needs to be a revival around the language as it becomes more mainstream.

      Cannabis poses perhaps the most interesting branding challenge of our time.

      The most basic challenge in branding cannabis is simply what to call things. The longstanding names for cannabis strains are not widely known and don’t always attach to consistent product experience, even to the extent you might find in, say, wine varietals. Not many average consumers could describe OG kush or sour diesel or other quirky names from the underground past.

      To do the job of naming and organizing a product and guiding people in general, it helps to have a familiar context. Branding cannabis at this stage is like a marketing class assignment to build an ad campaign for an orange or a potato: The creativity comes in imagining a whole new perspective on something you thought you knew.

      That goes double for cannabis. Long before its brief history as contraband, it was an agricultural product. There are countless configurations of terpenes, flavors, cannabinoids, ingestion methods, effects, benefits and uses.

      In fact, picking a parallel category outside of cannabis is a good way to ground customers in familiar visual and language cues. Focus on how it’s grown or when and where it’s used. Who and what is it for? Where and how is it sold? These are the foundational questions that turn a commodity into a brand.

      Kyra Reed’s February 6, 2020 » 4 Tips to Discover Your Cannabis Dispensary’s Company Voice, correctly observes that “A brand’s tone can attract new customers or drive them away.”

      Brand voice is the magic thread that pulls together a company’s content, ads, promotions, packaging and more into a singular experience with which customers can relate and engage. A brand’s tone creates recognition and a place from which to communicate. It’s what sets a solid brand apart from the competition. Brands with a loyal following and wide customer base often have a well-developed voice driving that engagement..

      According to Reed, these four tips will “help you start to build a brand voice that is relatable, meaningful and effective.”

      » 1. Define and Communicate Your Values

      » 2. Be Authentic

      » 3. Be Human(ish)

      » 4. Question Yourself- It requires real digging to discover a brand’s true values. Follow this list of questions to get started:

      Why did we start this company? The motivation or passion that drove you to start your company can be a major factor in your value set. Are you trying to disrupt, create a new vertical or save the world? This is all meaningful to your audience.

      What do we value about our product/services? This shows that you can stand behind what you do and tells your audience why they should as well.

      How do we choose who we want to work with (employees and vendors)? What makes someone a good fit for your company? The answer will reveal your underlying company culture, another point of trust building when you communicate it to your customers. It also helps to attract the right employees.

      What is different about how we make or sell our products/services? A great way to stand out from your competition is to share what makes you special and worth choosing over others.

      How do we want our customers to talk about our company? Your answer sums it all up. This is the goal in all of your communication, to have won the hearts and minds of your customers.”

      Then there’s the helpful Best Examples of Cannabis Branding and Design:

      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 11, 2020


      It began as a harmless advertisement I stumbled across while browsing online:

      Cannabis Bouquets

      Can’t find the perfect words to express your love? Say it with drugs! Each bountiful bouquet is composed of one ounce’s worth of high grade naturally grown California cannabis. It’s the perfect gift for Valentine’s Day, 4/20, or pretty much any day of the year!

      The trend of cannabis decorative bouquets, gifts, and arrangements is here to stay. As of January 2020, it was rated one of BDS Analytics Top 10 Cannabis Market Trends for 2019″ and its popularity as a must-have, must-try cannabis item is steadily growing: BDS Analytics › Top Ten Cannabis Market Trends for 2019

      This past fall, on November 21, 2019, Jessica Peralta’s original 2018 piece called Say It With Flower: Marijuana Bouquets Are Blossoming:

      Los Angeles resident Brian Stippey wanted to create something beautiful for someone in need.

      When his friend’s aunt was diagnosed with cancer four years ago, Stippey thought to get her flowers, but he knew she was allergic. He also knew she was a medical marijuana patient.

      “I was feeling a little crafty, so I put my floral design skills into action,” said Stippey, who started growing cannabis 12 years ago and has a background in running dispensaries. “So, I created the first faux floral and cannabis arrangement. When I brought her the bouquet, her first reaction was, ‘I am allergic!’ But she soon realized what was in the bouquet. She immediately teared up, started crying, and told me it was the best and most beautiful arrangement she has ever seen.”

      She made him promise to share his craft with the medical marijuana community. “She is no longer with us, but every piece I do has a special meaning, and a promise I will uphold,” said Stippey, who in August 2017 launched the Los Angeles-based  CannaQuet Premium Cannabis Bouquets, a service that combines silk flowers, non-perishable decorations and ready-to-smoke cured cannabis.

      Part of a burgeoning trend to use cannabis decoratively, these bouquets not only add beauty to the home but also offer a clever way to give a unique cannabis gift.

      Stippey, who studied floral design in high school, operates CannQuet via a website but is in the licensing phase of opening a retail location. The bouquets contain lab-tested cannabis arranged with seasonally themed silk flowers, such as daisies and sunflowers in the summer, and poinsettias in the winter, and an assortment of vases including conch shells and driftwood. Prices range from $70 for arrangements that include an eighth, or 3.5 grams, of cannabis;  $140 for a quarter-ounce (7 grams); $200 for a half-ounce (14.2 grams); and $375 for 1 ounce (25 grams) arrangements.

      “As trending goes it has really been picking up due to the legalization of medical marijuana in California,” Stippey said. “Women seem to be my biggest fans and purchasers of these pieces. Women order for events such as private dinners, birthdays, bachelorette parties, and for their significant others. Men, on the other hand, tend to be ordering for their significant other.”

      Additionally, cannabis florist Cortney Lynn, owner and founder of Bitchin’ Bouquets in Big Bear, California, opened her online business on Dec. 5, 2017. She offers some tips for DIY cannabis bouquets for those looking to complement their weed arrangements and handicrafts:

      Sometimes you can do some pretty unique things just from the flowers from the grocery stores,” Lynn said. If you have access to a cannabis grower willing to share a branch or two, then the arrangements can take on another dimension as the cannabis becomes an integral element of the design.

      “Sometimes you can really pull off some really magnificent things from what you have available around you,” she said.

      The idea of a cannabis bouquet first came to her in 2017 while she was trimming a plant on a cannabis farm. She had little competition back then, before the potential of cannabis as a decorative element infused the culture.  However, since Lynn started Bitchin’ Bouquets in late 2017, she said she has “seen competition intensify with two in my region that have popped up and another one or two over on Instagram.”

      Today, if you search terms such as #cannabisbouquet, or #cannabisflorist, hundreds of posts of colorful floral arrangements incorporating dried and live cannabis appear.

      Even High Times ran a September 2019 article by Tanja M. Laden spotlighting this cannabis trend in her How To Create An Artful Flower Arrangement With Cannabis:

      These days, “flower” has a slightly different meaning than it used to—but that doesn’t mean you still can’t use it to make a dope bouquet.

      Over the course of the last few thousand years, the art of flower-arranging has come so far, it almost seems like there’s nowhere left for it to go. But thanks to a burgeoning popular acceptance of cannabis, there’s an entirely new way to decorate with “flower,” and one SoCal-based wholesale cannabis delivery company wants to help show you how.

      To understand the state of flower-arranging today, we need to look to the past. The recorded history of flower arranging extends as far back as 2,500 BCE, when ancient Egyptians used bouquets to decorate dinner tables and honor departed loved ones, not unlike today. Later, the Greeks and Romans also showed an affection for flower-arranging, and were especially partial to unconventional plant material such as acorns, ivy, parsley, and the ubiquitous laurel leaves, which continues to bring to mind athletic competitions and film festivals alike.

      Meanwhile, flower-arranging became a big part of the culture in ancient China, specifically in the worlds of religion and medicine.

      How is it even possible to improve upon a classic? Plastic flowers don’t cut it, but live flower arrangements still feel inherently ephemeral, as all flowers die in the end. So it seems especially necessary to make flower arrangements even more special right now.

      Enter Flower Co., which on top of being a wholesale cannabis delivery company, wants to revitalize the somewhat stagnating art of flower-arranging by introducing “flower” of another kind and making bud part of the bouquet, and anyone can do it. Workshops can be attended at Le Petit Garden in Los Angeles, and Flower Co. is making cannabis bouquet kits that are “specifically designed to elevate any floral arrangement with an artistic assortment of joints.” Each kit includes a wooden box, glass vase, six joint holders, a to/from tag and a letterpress card — all for $20 or $40 for non-members. Right now the service is available in Los Angeles and San Francisco, with the potential to blossom in other parts of the country, too.

      Adding cannabis flower in with your flowers truly makes for a novel  bouquet. Please, do try this at home.


      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 8, 2020


      Cannabis sustainability has a long, winding road ahead before perceptible change occurs and progress slowly begins. As a society, we are obsessed with “green,” regardless of your definition: money, cannabis, recycling, or our politics. “Green is the new black,” as the colloquial adage goes, and a black stain is exactly what the Cannabis industry is currently leaving in its massive wake. The need for renewability, recyclability, and regulation is desperately required in all aspects of the cannabis production and process, from cultivation to end user.

      There are comparable examples in the business and societal spheres, however, such as in the booming boutique industry. Consumers demand cleaner, greener operations and solutions at the corporate level and some companies deliver.

      For example, D’Loraine Miranda announced proud news on February 4, 2020:

      Bare Market, Toronto’s Package-Free Shop, is Finally Open and here’s what you need to know about the incredible new space.”

      What is “Bare Market, you may ask?

      “Back in 2012, Dayna Stein noticed a gap in the Toronto market for some of the most in-demand items as of late: package-free goods. “It was impossible to find all the things I would need in a day without the excess packaging,” she says. Fast forward eight years later and Stein has finally found a permanent home for Bare Market — her package-free shop offering everything from beauty products to household cleaners in bulk — which is now open to the public.

      Prior to securing the east end locale, Stein had been operating Bare Market — which officially launched in 2018 — via pop-up shops around Toronto. The events proved to be incredibly successful, which should come as no surprise, given the increase in environmental awareness and a push towards reducing our waste in any way possible. As a result of these 65 pop-ups, Bare Market was able to help reroute more than 7,300 containers from ending up in landfills.

      While this may seem like a minuscule number compared to the reported 120 billion units of packaging the cosmetics industry churns out per year, it’s a step in the right direction. In fact, the number of beauty brands opting for more sustainable packaging options (read: recyclable; refillable) appears to be on the rise.

      Setting foot into Bare Market’s new 2,800 sq. ft. home is like walking into an airy, Goop-inspired version of Bulk Barn. The space is outfitted with sleek display tables and wood shelving stocked with body care products, household cleaners and dry foods (everything from tri-colour quinoa to potato chips), all in bulk.

      However, unlike anything and everything Goop:

      Miranda explains that their company “uses waste as a lever to start a dialogue around larger and more complex environmental and social issues…that means encouraging shoppers to bring in any container they have on hand, as long as it’s clean, dry and not chipped. Meaning, yes, there’s absolutely no shame in bringing that old yogurt container you dug out of your stash or an old Ziplock freezer bag. The shop also stocks an assortment of branded reusable bags and containers, should you wish to purchase your own or borrow one for a small deposit.”

      In keeping with the no-waste ethos, their cafe does not offer disposable cups —  for a pleasant change!

      “You either bring your own cup, or you can borrow a travel mug for a $5 deposit, part of the Reego reusable cup program offered in select Toronto cafes. She plans on also using the shop to host workshops, events and panels in order to further the discussion around sustainability and zero-waste.

      Dayna Stein closes with a powerful statement: “Our business is truly about community building and taking collective action.”

      Then there’s the bursting cannabis industry, filled with all its technology and compliance –yet void of any measurable reduction in the collective carbon footprint. I’ve talked in my previous series about the lack of recycling for collection for unused product and used packaging in the cannabis sphere. This must change sooner rather than later if we are to truly “succeed” in this industry by drastically reducing our joint cannabis carbon footprint in a modern society sharply focused on all things green, no pun intended.

      For now, take comfort in the fact that at least CARTS FOR THE ARTS is taking action and collecting vape cartridges and making beautiful art out of them, as seen in the article below:


      Like coffee pods, disposable water bottles and plastic straws, vape-related waste is attracting attention. It is not surprising given vaping’s surging popularity, but no one wants to see industry growth hindered or environmental responsibility unfulfilled. We would like to think that the industry is caring, environmentally conscious. But are they? From patron to manufacturer, to dispensary what can they do?

      Recycling vape cartridges, batteries and disposables isn’t as easy as it could be. Carts for the Arts seeks to raise awareness to the fact that we need better legislation and better awareness to help the industry as a whole become more sustainable.

      The ‘Carts for the Arts’ exhibit premiered at the UpcyclePop Holiday market event on December 15th 2019, which is a holiday event and market for upcycled and repurposed items that hosts live performances, interactive art , creative stations for kids and an art gallery exhibit or two.

      Carts for the Arts exhibited in the large Gallery Suite along with an expert  panel disscussion on the topic of the tsunami of waste consistantly growing from single-use cartridges, batteries, and packaging currently produced in the cannabis industry.  Carts for the Arts seeks to create awareness through art exhibits and panel disscussions while driving stakeholders to convene and work together. Legeslation must change to enable closing the loop with a zero waste mindset, manufactures must start considering how they can begin to redesign their products and brands must find a better way to introduce their product other than disposables.  and begin research and development with manufacturers to redesign with reuse and and zero waste in mind. 

      This is a new and rapidly growing industry, if we all put ourminds together now, then maybe, just maybe the cannabis industry could come ahead and be the designated leader in sustainabilty for other industries to follow.


      1. https://canna-coop.com/
      2. https://www.nsaction.us/
      3. https://www.bigkarma.us/


      Up Kindness is calling attention to the challenges surrounding vape cartridge recycling with an upcycled art exhibit, and brainstorming solutions through panel discussions. Cannabis Business Times – December 19, 2019 

      Disposable vapes and cartridges reach new highs every day, and with them an enormous amount of post-consumer waste. According to BDS Analytics, vape cartridges are the fastest-growing sector of California’s $2.5 billion cannabis industry. Millions of power supplies and cartridges are produced every year, and California is expected to account for nearly one-fourth of all cannabis sales in the U.S. by 2024.  The Leaf Online – December 10, 2019

      As you toss your used-up cannabis oil vape cartridge in the trash, you might wonder, can I recycle that instead? The short answer is no—and with the popularity of vape pens steadily rising, that’s a problem.

      Reports show that concentrate sales are expected to overtake flower sales by 2022, with a large majority of these oils being consumed through pre-loaded vape cartridges.  Read more on leafly.

      With so many different iterations of disposable vape pens flooding the market, environmentalists and concerned consumers are cringing about the inevitable flood of post-consumer waste these products are causing. The cannabis industry is growing, and its garbage problems are growing right along with it. Read more on Forbes

      Upcycle Pop is a program of  the nonprofit – Up Kindness – DBA, The Atrium – A creative Innovation Center for Sustainability. Lets make human kind a net positive to this planet and build a kind and sustainable future.


      UPCYCLEPOP LAB, 7300 Folsom Blvd #101, Sacramento CA 95826, 916.642.9415


      1. Sungrown Packaging and Higher Standard Packaging from recyclable and compostable materials
      2. HISIERRA sustainable dispensary exit bags from renewable plant-based materials from their fossil-fuel free facility.
      3. Regenerative farming methods; many cannabis companies are going beyond sustainability using such methods.
      4. Flow Kana “beyond-organic” and sustainable cannabis; partner with veteran farmers that grow small batches of sun-grown cannabis.
      5. Eel River Organics organic and sustainable marijuana farming methods and outdoor-grown cannabis; dry farming is as close to zero-waste and biodynamic as is currently possible.
      6. L’Eagle only adult-use, indoor grown cannabis grower with a Clean Green certification.
      7. Terrapin Care Station
      8. Bird Valley Organics ancient Hugelkultur technique.
      9. Swami Select
      10. Catalyst Cannabis Co
      11. Raw Garden concentrates, labeled Clean Green.
      12. Sana Packaging
      13. Hemp Wick—exactly what the name implies; produced by many different brands and companies.
      14. Puffco—high-quality, non-toxic, long-lasting vaporizers; refill chamber for hash oil that does not come from traditional cartridges.
      15. Phuncky Feel Tips
      16. Marley Natural
      17. Sunrise Mountain Farms, a clean, sustainable approach to producing cannabis alongside naturally thriving wild elderberries (Sambucus).
      18. Papa & Barkley’s; company’s pre-existing, small-holder agricultural ecosystem (think Dr. Bronner’s) which is 100% free of the harmful pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers necessitated by Big Ag, makes the need for a Big Ag cannabis takeover in California completely obsolete,” according to CEO Michael Steinmetz, who believes the cannabis industry at large, needs to “prioritize environmentally responsible practices and source from sustainable resources.” 
      19. Canndescent; invested a combined $3.75m to retrofit its inimitable 11,000 square foot warehouse for solar and cannabis production; CFO Tom DiGiovanni reports they want “to help the ‘green’ industry to go greener” by accelerating the adoption of solar power and “green door” practices within the cannabis industry.


      AvatarHeather AllmanFebruary 7, 2020


      If you own or manage a marijuana dispensary or adult-use store, hiring a highly competent and motivated staff can greatly improve your bottom line. Identifying and understanding the full scope of your needs prior to getting your business up and running is imperative to having an efficient and productive business.

      “As well as needing competent employees, you need to hire a team with a strong work ethic and the desire to succeed. Employing a staff that goes above and beyond the basic essentials to running an efficient retail business and hiring a knowledgeable staff that engages in outstanding customer service should be your ultimate goal. Your budtenders should not only know the various strains and products inside and out but also should know retail—because as well as being an exciting and relatively new type of business that caters to marijuana consumers, cannabis dispensaries are retail businesses, and the basic principles of running a successful retail business apply. A dispensary staff must never lose sight of that fact.

      The structure of your dispensary operation will have several levels to keep operations running smoothly. An incoming budtender who performs well should expect to earn the opportunity to eventually become a lead budtender with increased responsibilities like training and shadowing new employees on the job.”


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