ETFs Archives - Green Market Report

Debra BorchardtMarch 30, 2022


Parallel Cannabis’s debt issues have been exposed in the company’s lawsuit with some disgruntled investors. The lawsuit outlined the company’s defaults on its debt obligations and Curaleaf (OTC: CURLF) also noted in its filings that Parallel was no longer buying its Illinois properties saying it had “received correspondence from Parallel’s attorneys indicating that it will not be in a position to complete the acquisition of the Illinois Assets due to lack of financing and seeking to terminate its agreement to purchase the Illinois Assets. The company has asserted that Parallel’s actions have constituted material breaches of its agreement with Parallel and is exploring its options.” In other words, Curaleaf could sue Parallel or just shop the properties to someone else.

The money troubles at Parallel could spell problems with other companies it has agreements with and one of those is the cannabis REIT (real estate investment trust) Innovative Industrial Properties (NYSE: IIPR). 10% of the REIT’s rental revenues in 2021 came from Parallel. That makes it the second-largest tenant on the books for IIP, with PharmaCann being number one accounting for 12% of the rental revenue.

“These properties are located in some of the largest and strongest growth markets (PA and FL), in addition to TX, one of the largest states by population and estimated illicit cannabis consumption, where there continue to be significant inroads toward expansion of the existing program.  Note that Parallel is one of only three license holders in the entire state of Texas, vertically integrated for cultivation, processing, and dispensing.  We feel very comfortable with the demand for these properties in these states.,” said a spokesperson from IIP.

The company noted in its annual report that in June 2021, it amended its lease with a subsidiary of Parallel at one of its Florida properties, increasing the improvement allowance under the lease by $8.0 million to a total of $16.2 million, which also resulted in a corresponding adjustment to the base rent for the lease at the property.

IIP warns investors in its filing that “Lease payment defaults by any of our tenants or a significant decline in the value of any single property would materially adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations, including our ability to make distributions to our stockholders. In addition, failure by any of our tenants to comply with the terms of its lease agreement with us could require us to find another lessee for the applicable property.”

ETF Exposure

Not only is IIP exposed to Parallel, but so are all the ETF’s holding the shares of IIP. In other words, if IIP feels any pain from Parallel, then so will the ETF’s holding IIP. According to, “The largest holder of IIPR is the iShares Core S&P Small-Cap ETF (IJR), with approximately 1.71M shares. Investors may also find of interest that the ETF with the largest allocation to IIPR stock is AdvisorShares Pure Cannabis ETF (YOLO), with a portfolio weight of 16.94%. On average, U.S. ETFs allocate 1.08% of IIPR to their portfolios. Additionally, IIPR is a favorite stock for Vanilla and Active ETFs. It is also most likely to belong to Broad-based ETFs. The best-performing ETF in the past 12 months with IIPR as a holding is the Pacer Benchmark Industrial Real Estate SCTR ETF (INDS), with a return of 30.65%.” lists the following cannabis ETF’s with exposure to IIPR.

YOLO AdvisorShares Pure Cannabis ETF 16.94%
MJUS ETFMG U.S. Alternative Harvest ETF 10.33%
BUDX Cannabis Growth ETF 9.81%
PSY Defiance Next Gen Altered Experience ETF 7.55%
MSOS AdvisorShares Pure US Cannabis ETF 6.80%



IIP also tells investors that “If a bankrupt tenant decides to give up (reject) a lease, any claim for breach of the lease is treated as a general unsecured claim in the tenant’s bankruptcy case, subject to certain exceptions for collateral and guarantees. In the event one of our tenants is permitted to seek bankruptcy protection in the U.S., our general unsecured claim would likely be capped at the amount the tenant owed us for unpaid rent prior to the bankruptcy unrelated to the termination, plus the greater of one year of lease payments or 15% of the lease payments payable under the remaining term of the lease, but in no case more than three years of lease payments.”

“In addition to the cap on our damages for breach of the lease, even if our claim is timely submitted to the bankruptcy court, there is no guaranty that the tenant’s bankruptcy estate would have sufficient funds to satisfy the claims of general unsecured creditors. Finally, a bankruptcy court could re-characterize a net lease transaction as a disguised secured lending transaction. If that were to occur, we would not be treated as the owner of the property but might have additional rights as a secured creditor. This would mean our claim in bankruptcy court could be limited to the amount we paid for the property, which could adversely impact our financial condition. Any bankruptcy, if allowed, of one of our tenants would result in a loss of lease payments to us, as well as an increase in our costs to carry the property.”

In Closing

To be sure, Parallel has lots of incoming revenue, and bankruptcy hasn’t even entered the conversation, but if the debts can’t be paid, can the rent be paid? Having said that, IIP can likely find another tenant to take over a facility but how long would that take and what amount of disruption would that cause until that happens?  In the case of Texas, with only three license holders, there is a limited audience for the property within the cannabis industry. The other states would have an easier time finding another tenant quickly, but if the worst happened and the company chose to restructure, could IIP be left mired in the courts? Or Parallel may be able to compartmentalize its financial problems and continue making the rent payments while it attempts to solve its debt issues. Either way, the domino effect on the ETF’s is likely to be felt if things go horribly wrong.


Debra BorchardtOctober 22, 2020


As the Presidential election nears, it seems the topic of cannabis legalization is driving investor interest in the industry. Cannabis ETF issuer ETFMG,  who manages ETFMG Alternative Harvest ETF (NYSE Arca: MJ), reported its 1,000th creation unit sold on October 12, 2020. The company said that the subject of legalization of cannabis in several states has led to increased investor demand evidenced by the increased daily trading volume. Shortly after the Vice-Presidential debate, MJ saw trading volume increase three times its normal activity, 750,000 to nearly 2.4 million. MJ currently has 50 million shares outstanding. Since the beginning of Q4 2020, the Fund is up 10.66%.

The Democrat party platform of Vice President Joe Biden & Senator Kamala Harris, officially says they would seek to decriminalize marijuana use and reschedule it (from DEA Schedule I) through executive action on the federal level. They support the legalization of medical marijuana nationwide and believe states should be able to make their own decisions about recreational use. Their platform believes the Justice Department should not launch federal prosecutions of conduct that is legal at the state level, as well as that all past criminal convictions for cannabis use should be automatically expunged (this is a combination of previously proposed STATES ACT and MORE ACT).

On the Republican side, if President Trump were reelected, some say it would not be seen as negative for the cannabis industry.  In the past four years under the Trump Administration, legal sales of cannabis in the U.S. have expanded more than at any other time in history.  In addition, his administration has not interfered with state law cannabis legalization, which has increased tremendously. However, President Trump did ask some swing states to remove any cannabis legislation from the ballots because that would draw more Democrats to vote. Plus, despite many cannabis supporters who believe Trump is friendly to the industry, the Uniform Crime Report from the FBI reported that more people were arrested for cannabis in 2019 than for all violent crimes put together. The hard data from the FBI’s report clearly showed that police arrested 545,602 people for cannabis-related crimes in 2019. “That arrest rate is 9% higher than the 495,871 people arrested for violent crimes the same year.”

Looking back in history, Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1932 presidential campaign included the repeal of Prohibition. Following his win, Congress proposed the 21st Amendment to end Prohibition.

“Regardless of who wins the White House, U.S. cannabis expansion is expected to continue past November,” said Dan Ahrens, chief operating officer, and portfolio manager at AdvisorShares. Ahrens serves as the portfolio manager of the AdvisorShares Pure Cannabis ETF (Ticker: YOLO), AdvisorShares Pure US Cannabis ETF (Ticker: MSOS) and the AdvisorShares Vice ETF (Ticker: ACT). He added that Arizona and New Jersey each have ballot proposals for voters to decide on legalizing recreational cannabis use. Both states currently have successful medical marijuana programs too.  “Other states including South Dakota, Montana and Mississippi also have recreational and/or medical marijuana proposals up for vote.  Pending New Jersey’s ballot vote, it is widely thought that Pennsylvania and New York could soon approve recreational marijuana use by legislative action, rather than ballot measure, which was how Illinois approved recreational use last year.  At the very least, given the populations of Arizona and New Jersey, recreational cannabis legalization would be a huge victory for U.S. cannabis companies.”

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