This article has been updated to include clarification from Curaleaf on the statements made by Boris Jordan.
The modern marijuana industry is headed toward massive consolidation that will eventually feature just a handful of companies atop a global supply chain, predicted Curaleaf Executive Chairman Boris Jordan during an appearance at an investor forum this week.
Jordan, speaking during Cannavest at MJBizCon in Las Vegas, told audience members that a close friend of his in the tobacco industry noted that the U.S. cannabis industry needs overlap in the supply chain to make products cheaper for consumers. That likely would lead to a similar supply chain model as tobacco, with only about four companies dominating the global market.
“This industry has to consolidate. There’s no way there’s going to be 35 or 40 or 50 or 100 cannabis companies 10 years from now,” Jordan said. “It’s probably going to be three to four large operators, all of whom are probably going to be closely doing what the tobacco industry has done, in terms of their supply chain and their costs, in order to be able to earn a very healthy margin.”
What makes the biggest tobacco companies so dominant, Jordan said, is they share resources and only differentiate on brands.
“They all use the same packaging. They all use the same paper. They all use the same machines. They all use basically everything the same, and they have different brands,” Jordan said of tobacco companies such as Altria and Philip Morris.
The tobacco companies “were able to bring (their) margins and costs so low that even in a high-tax environment, they earn a very healthy margin,” Jordan said.
Such a monumental shift may be closer than many think, he said, given what he’s hearing out of Curaleaf’s lobbying team in Washington, D.C. They indicate that the SAFE Banking Act still has a chance of becoming law this year, and that the Biden administration is focused on rescheduling cannabis within the next two years.
“We’re hearing from our people in Washington (D.C.) that they’re targeting a 2024 rescheduling of cannabis, from Schedule 1 to 3, 4, or 5,” Jordan said, adding that “there’s genuine bipartisan going on with SAFE Banking.”
If those two reforms come to pass, he said, “the two biggest impediments for the industry are gone,” referring to the 280E provision in the federal tax code and banking restrictions.
Jordan tacked on a warning, with a nod to the financial difficulties in much of the industry: “If we don’t get SAFE, you’ll see swaths of companies go out of business next year.”
Even the SAFE Banking Act, however, won’t be enough to drag publicly traded U.S. cannabis companies into profitability, Jordan indicated.
“If we get SAFE, we’re going to have a major reevaluation, but the real reevaluation will be when we get 280E (repealed). Because people need cash,” Jordan said, adding, “This industry, at some point in time, is going to be a dividend-paying industry.”
Overall, the Curaleaf executive projected optimism, both about chances for U.S. federal reform and about the opening of new markets in the next 12 months, particularly Germany, which is poised to legalize recreational cannabis.
“If they move and actually pass this, which we expect they will … that’s going to be almost an earthquake in the cannabis sector,” Jordan said about German legislation to launch an adult-use marijuana market. “I’m very excited. I think the way Germany goes, eventually the rest of Europe goes.”
Clarification from Curaleaf:
In response to the article, as posted, a spokesperson provided the following clarifying statement via email on behalf of Curaleaf:
We would like to clarify some of the misinterpretations surrounding the remarks Chairman Boris Jordan made during his keynote at Cannavest yesterday.
Curaleaf supports a diverse and inclusive industry; in fact, Boris has repeatedly said there is and should be room for players of every size in this industry. Curaleaf supports many brands on our shelves, and has
partnered with minority and small business operators, craft, and legacy farmers. We are hopeful that the federal government authorizes an industry that protects state licenses and minority-owned businesses. The first step to that is safe banking.
Boris was asked about long-term predictions for the industry and commented that he believes eventual consolidation to be inevitable, and that every consumer product industry in the world has consolidated into major operators. He said he thought cannabis would likely follow a similar path as the tobacco and alcohol industries, because it is a low-margin business that needs volume. The fact is today the top 5 operators in cannabis represent less than 2% of the US cannabis market; in alcohol and tobacco the top players represent 80% of the market.